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The results of population estimate of tigers, leopards, crocodiles, wetland birds, nesting Olive Ridley turtles, and Black buck carried out during 2004 are as follows:

Date of Census
Area covered by the Census
Census highlights


05-10 Jan.' 04
Entire State
· Orissa state holds a minimum of 192 tigers, comprising of 57 males, 75 females and 60 cubs. Compared to the year 2002, there is a total increase of 19 tigers.

· Similipal, Sunabeda and Satkosia-Baisipali hold 101, 32 and 18 tigers, respectively.

· There is a decline in the tiger concentration in north Similipal, and a corresponding rise in the south Similipal. This indicates that the habitat-factors are becoming less favourable in north Similipal for tiger.



05-10 Jan.' 04
Entire State
· The leopard number has increased from 457 (male 184, female 218 and cub 45, unidentified sex-10) in the year 2002 to 487 (male 196, female 248, cub 43) in the current census.
· Ghumsur (North) has the best density of leopards which number 49. Similipal, Sunabeda and Satkoshia-Mahanadi hold 127, 36 and 34 leopards, respectively.

Saltwater Crocodile

08-15 Jan.' 04
Bhitarkanika Sanctuary / National Park

· 1358 Crocodiles were counted

· This is an increase by 3.8 % over 2003-results

· The present population comprises of 525 Hatchlings, 303 Yearlings, 210 Juveniles, 100 Sub-adults and 220 Adults.

· Six adults are above 18ft. long.

· Kanika Range holds 84% of the entire present population.

Gharial and mugger

15-20 Jan.' 04
Mahanadi River in Satkosia Gorge Sanctuary
·· The Satkosia Gorge has one surviving Gharial, and 64 Muggers.

· The surviving Gharial is a male (size-3-3.5 m.) located in the Sanctuary between Binikei and Majhipada.

· The Mugger Crocodiles have taken over from the Gharial in the Satkosia Gorge.

· The Mugger population comprises of 10 Juveniles ( <150cm), 16 in the size range 151-250 cm, 25 of 251-350 cm and 13 above 350 cm body length.


9th-16th March-04
Similipal Tiger Reserve
·· In rivers of Similipal 83 mugger crocodiles were counted. The population consists of 22 of less than 1m length, 20 of 1-1.5m, 33 of 1.5-2.0m and 8 above 2.0m length.

· River West Deo has 42 mugger and Khairi 20. There are 9 muggers in river Budhabalanga, 7 in Khadkei and 5 in East Deo.


11-15 Jan.' 04
Chilika lagoon, Bhitarkanika and Selected water bodies in 8 Wildlife Divisions and 3 Territorial Divisions
· Chilika, Bhitarkanika and Hirakud hold the highest concentration of waterfowls.
· Chilika recorded total 8,66,477 birds representing137 species. This includes 85 migrant species.
· Number of wintering Waterfowl in Chilika in 2004 was 1.9 times more (by number) in comparison to the year 2003.
· Bhitarkanika recorded 1,41,871 birds representing 76 species which include 44 migrants.
· Hirakud reservoir recorded 36,373 birds representing 27 species. This includes 16 migrants.
· Balesore (WL), Baripada, Sunabeda (WL) and Satkosia (WL), Divisions recorded significant congregation of Waterfowl in various water bodies.
· In Mayurbhanj students of North Orissa University joined in the census operation with the local forest staff.

Nesting population of Olive Ridley Sea turtles`

1st/2nd to 7th/8th March
Nasi-II island of Gahirmatha Marine Sanctuary
· Mass nesting took place from 1st to 8th March when a total of 2, 17,091 nesting turtles were counted.
· The maximum number of turtles were counted on these days.
10/11th to 14/15th March
Gokharakuda- Kantiagada beach strip near Rushikulya mouth
· A total of 2,01,315 nesting turtles were counted during the mass nesting from 10th to 15th March.


25-26 March 2004
Buguda, Aska and Khallikote Ranges of Ganjam District (Ghumsur Southand Berhampur Forest Divnsions )
· Blackbuck habitat was surveyed by 31 census units.
· The blackbuck population comprised of 212 males, 487 females and 87 young. Thus, in a total population of 786 blackbucks there are 27% males, 62% females and 11% young.
· There is 42% increase in the population over the last population count of 551 blackbucks in 1998.
· Buguda Range alone holds 56% of the total present population. Top