The Zoo is 2
km from the Barang Railway Station (East Coast-Railway), 17 Km from
Cuttack and about 10kms from the northern fringe of the State capital.
The zoo houses several species of regional significance that include three species of Crocodiles, Pangolin, Ratel, Sambar, Mouse deer, Black buck, Chousingha, Panther, Small Indian civet,
Brahminy Kite, Storks, Hill mynah which deserve mention for their
captive breeding. Other species are Rhino, Manipuri deer, Barasingha,
Wild ass, Tiger, Himalayan black bear, Nilgai, Lion tailed macaque,
and Nilgir langur. Exotic species such as Chimpanzee, Orangutan,
Hippo, and Zebra provide additional attraction for the visitors.
The Zoo has 151 species in its collection, of which
44 require special conservation effort for being included in Scheduled-I
& II of the Wildlife (Protection) Act. Important endangered
species housed in Nandankanan include: Gharial, Estuarine Crocodile,
Mugger crocodile, Peafowl, White-necked stork, Tiger, Leopard, Himalayan
Black bear, Sloth bear, Manipuri deer, Barasingha, Nilgir langur,
Lion-tailed macaque, Indian pangolin, Blackbuck ,etc.
At present, the Zoo has 93 animal enclosures. 58
are in the shape of cages and 35 have peripheral moat. The 151 species
in the zoo comprise of 75 species of birds, 49 species of mammals,
and 27 species of reptiles. There are also 36 species of fishes
as exhibits. The Zoo has consistently maintained its status as a
Number of species and total
number of animals displayed in the zoo
in recent years are as follows:
of species / Total no. of animals
||52 / 537
||55 / 286
||16 / 82
||123 / 905
||46 / 490
||55 / 290
||16 / 89
||117 / 869
||46 / 426
||59 / 253
||21 / 88
||126 / 767
||49 / 419
||65 / 450
||23 / 98
||137 / 967
||49 / 460
||75 / 536
||27 / 113
||151 / 1109
Nandankanan acquired its first tiger in 1964 and the first open
air tiger-enclosure now known as the 'Kanan' enclosure was constructed
in 1967 when Kanan, a tigress from the adjoining Chandaka forests
(now a sanctuary), jumped into one of the tiger enclosures and remained
in captivity. The Zoo has so far reared 327 tigers that has passed
through many planned breedings. Contrary to the concept that every
white tiger has a Rewa-lineage, Nandankanan has white tigers which are not linked to Rewa.
The first white tigers of Nandankanan were chance-born to normal-coloured
tigers in the year 1980, and currently the zoo has a collection
of 10 white tigers.
up in a natural setting has captive bred animals of both Indian
and exotic species. Such exotic species include Hippopotamus, Emu,
Zebra, Wallaby, and Capybara. The records of first breeding of different
Indian species are as follows:
||07. 05.1980 (This
is a world record, as no where else Gharials had bred in captivity.)
|Water monitor lizard…
|White necked stork….
|Himalayan black bear -
|Lion tailed macaque -
|Indian porcupine -
|Sloth bear -
As an adjunct to
the captive breeding programme, Nandankanan has undertaken reintroduction
programme for species like Gharial, Mugger, Blackbuck and
Spotted deer under which captive bred animals have been released
in the wild. In this programme 448 Gharials have been released in
Mahanadi river system.
The Zoo has the expertise
to rescue and rehabilitate injured, abandoned, orphaned and problematic
wild animals. The rescued animals are provided veterinary care and treatment before returning back
to nature. The Zoo has rescued scheduled-I animals like leopard
cub, baby elephant, pangolin, four horned antelope, barking deer,
sloth bear, porcupine, ratel, mouse deer, fresh water turtle, and
Indian tent turtle.
activities of Nandankanan include an 'Interpretation
Centre' setup in 1996, training programmes for Zoo Keepers and local
guides, publication of brochures, booklets and stickers, and display
of signage depicting habit, habitat, food and reproductive status
of animals housed in each enclosure. On the occasion of Wildlife
Week, World Biodiversity Day, Zoo Week, World Conservation Day,
World Environment Day, Animal Welfare Fortnight, etc. training camps
are organized for school students to give them a first-hand experience
of different aspects of wild animal behaviour and conservation of
For achieving self-sufficiency
in feed supply to the wild herbivores in the Zoo, a fodder
farm extending over 33 Ac. was established in 1997.
An area of 8.5 Ac. has been planted with Paragrass and 3.5 Ac. is
planted with Napier-Bajra-21 as cultivated crop while seasonal crops
like Stylo, Maize and Cow pea is cultivated over 3 Ac. of area.
The balance area is managed as natural grassland from which common
grass is harvested. The fodder farm yields about 15 Qntl. grass
fodder daily. The use of pesticide or chemical fertilizer has not
been allowed in the fodder farm, but application of bioforterliser
and Azobacter inoculation are carried out periodically to maintain
About 14 lakh visitors come to the zoo in a year. Data on annual visitor flow and revenue
earned for the last four years are given in the following Table.
The Zoo has more
than 200 research papers published on different aspects of husbandry and management
of Zoo animals in different reputed national and international journals,
magazine, etc. Research work taken in this Zoo has led to one Ph.D.
and one M.Phil degree in the past.
Blood samples of
the tigers of this Zoo have been tested in the CCMB (Center for
Cellular and Molecular Biology, Hyderabad) and it is ascertained
that inbreeding coefficient is low among tigers of Nandankanan.
A Stud Book for Zoo tigers of Nandankanan is meticulously maintained.
Planned breeding of tigers is more or less a regular feature here.
Visitor appreciation facilities like Toy Train, Boating, Children's
Park, Lion Safari, White Tiger Safari, Aquarium, Rope way, etc.
have been kept well maintained and functional throughout the year.
With lakhs of visitors to the Zoo, it has remained a potential center
for conservation education. New gadgets like swings, slides, merry-go-round,
rocking chair with animated moulds have been installed in the Childrens'
FLOW TO NANDANKANAN AND REVENUE EARNED DURING LAST SEVEN YEARS
FROM VISITORS (RS.)